File Name: gender and development notes.zip
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The UN Development Programme UNDP has reported on gender inequality and gender development indexes based on available data relating to specific SDGs, the indexes being calculated through an elaborate aggregation process. The present study applies the provided UNDP data as basis for a partial order-based approach to gender inequality and development. The data have been applied as indicators without any pretreatment as, e. The focus of the study has been the elucidation of indicator importance, averaged ranking, and disclosure of so-called peculiar countries. The results show that in relation to both reducing inequality and promoting development, the focus should be on education, whereas the financial aspects play a less significant role. The average ranking of the studied countries differs from the linear ordering based on the aggregated indicators applied by the UNDP, although the overall trend can be recognized.
Gender is a complex variable that is a part of social, cultural, economic and political contexts. It is also relevant for the work of civil society movements. Gender refers to socially constructed differences between men and women, whereas Sex refers to biological differences between men and women. Sexual differences vary little across these variables. Development analysts have recognized now for several decades the need to ensure that gender is examined and integrated into development projects. In integrating gender into development, practitioners are responding to the priority needs of women and men, and being aware of what benefits or adverse effects could impact either.
Gender and development is an interdisciplinary field of research and applied study that implements a feminist approach to understanding and addressing the disparate impact that economic development and globalization have on people based upon their location, gender, class background, and other socio-political identities. Accounting for this need, gender and development implements ethnographic research, research that studies a specific culture or group of people by physically immersing the researcher into the environment and daily routine of those being studied,  in order to comprehensively understand how development policy and practices affect the everyday life of targeted groups or areas. The history of this field dates back to the s, when studies of economic development first brought women into its discourse,   focusing on women only as subjects of welfare policies — notably those centered on food aid and family planning. Since Boserup's consider that development affects men and women differently, the study of gender's relation to development has gathered major interest amongst scholars and international policymakers. Each of these frameworks emerged as an evolution of its predecessor, aiming to encompass a broader range of topics and social science perspectives.
Gender and development is an interdisciplinary field focusing on the social relations between women and men in developing and transitional economies. Many fine collections have been compiled on gender and development see Cornwall et al. There are also several excellent summaries tracing the intellectual and political evolution of this field from the s to the s see Elson ; Bakker The literature on gender and development originated in opposition to views common in the s and s that women were excluded from the development process and needed to be incorporated into mainstream policies, institutions, and programs.
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