File Name: israeli and apartheid solidarity .zip
The suffering has been most extreme, criminal, and grotesque in Gaza, where Ghada Ageel was one of the victims from childhood.
He has published widely in international media outlets, including Al Jazeera, The Guardian , The Independent , and others. Journal of Palestine Studies 1 February ; 49 2 : 65—
Israel—South Africa relations refer to the current and historic relationship between the Republic of South Africa and the State of Israel. South Africa was among the 33 states that voted in favour of the UN Partition Plan ,   recommending the establishment of a Jewish State in Palestine, and was one of only four Commonwealth nations to do so.
On 24 May ,  nine days after Israel's declaration of independence , the South African government of Jan Smuts , a long-time supporter of Zionism , granted de facto recognition to the State of Israel, just two days before his United Party was voted out of office and replaced by the pro-apartheid National Party. South Africa was the seventh nation to recognise the new Jewish state. Diplomatic relations between Israel and South Africa began in , when Israel established a consulate-general in Pretoria,  : which was raised to the status of a legation in November Malan first visited Israel in In the s and s, Israel had prioritized building relations with the newly independent states of sub-Saharan Africa; this, in turn, led it to take a critical stance on the question of apartheid.
Israel joined in condemning apartheid at the United Nations and voted to enforce sanctions against South Africa. Israel continued a policy of active friendship with black Africa throughout the s and offered technical and economic aid.
Israel's victory in the Six-Day War and subsequent occupation of the Sinai and West Bank alienated it diplomatically from much of the Third World and African states. Black nationalist movements then began to see it as a colonial state. The anti-Western powers have driven Israel and South Africa into a community of interests which had better be utilized than denied. Arab states and black African nations formed a working alliance at the United Nations that sought both to criticize the two countries with UN resolutions and establish that the two develop close relations.
Due to this alliance with the Arab world, many African countries broke off relations with Israel and did not consider restoring them for decades.
Israel continued to denounce apartheid, but it privately began to cultivate relations with South Africa in secret. This approach was similar to many Western nations at the time. As a result, many African countries broke ties with Israel as well. Most African states had fully broken ties after the Yom Kippur War, and Israel increased its cultivation of ties with the similarly isolated government in Pretoria.
According to Ethan A. Nadelmann , the relationship developed because many African countries broke diplomatic ties with Israel during the s following Israeli occupation of the West Bank and Gaza during the Arab—Israeli wars, causing Israel to deepen relations with other isolated countries. Israeli officials sought to coordinate ties with South Africa within a tripartite framework between Israel, the United States, and South Africa.
However, on the Israeli side, many saw it necessary to cooperate with any country willing to be friendly with Israel and support its existence. For the South African government, there was a desire to expand its network of friendships.
South African Airways began operating flights between Johannesburg and Tel Aviv , but as it was banned from using the airspace of most African countries, it had to take a detour around West Africa, doubling the distance and flying time involved. Israel also developed ties with the nominally independent "homelands" ,  : —44 especially with Bophuthatswana. Its president, Lucas Mangope , visited Israel in ;  it established a mission in Tel Aviv called "Bophuthatswana House", the only place outside South Africa to fly the homeland's flag, despite the objections of the Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
By , an economic and military alliance between Israel and South Africa was in the ascendancy. The military leadership of both countries was convinced that both nations faced a fundamentally similar predicament, fighting for their survival against the common enemy of the PLO and the ANC. In , the Israel—South Africa Agreement was signed, and increasing economic co-operation between Israel and South Africa was reported, including the construction of a major new railway in Israel, and the building of a desalination plant in South Africa.
Israeli and South African intelligence chiefs held regular conferences with each other to share information on enemy weapons and training. The South African government's yearbook of wrote: "Israel and South Africa have one thing above all else in common: they are both situated in a predominantly hostile world inhabited by dark peoples.
In , Israel's ambassador to South Africa, Yitzak Unna, announced he was boycotting Golda , a play about Golda Meir 's life, because the producers an American production company had chosen to show the play at Breytenbach Theater, which barred blacks and coloreds.
Following his announcement, at least 10 other Western ambassadors said they too would not attend, and Golda Meir herself said she fully supported Unna's decision. From the mids, the two countries were allegedly involved in joint nuclear-weapons development and testing. Israel was one of the most important allies in South Africa's weapons procurement during the years of PW Botha's regime.
By , a sizeable contingent of South African military and government officials were living permanently in Israel, to oversee the numerous joint projects between the countries, while their children attended local Israeli schools.
Perhaps most sensitive was the large group of Israeli scientists working at South Africa's Pelindaba nuclear facility. The commanders of the South African Defense Force were present at the test-firings of Israel's Jericho ballistic missile system, where they stood alongside the IDF generals.
Rooi Els was where the engine test facilities were located. Development continued even after South African renunciation  of its nuclear weapons for use as a commercial satellite launcher.
By , a minority of Israeli officials and a number of liberal intellectuals, led by Yossi Beilin , then political director general of the Foreign Ministry, wanted not only to reduce cultural, commercial, and military ties, but also for Israel to take part in the international condemnation of apartheid. However, the majority of government officials, led by Defense Minister Yitzhak Rabin , wanted to maintain the status quo with South Africa or make a few token reductions and make their relationship even more secretive.
Foreign Minister Shimon Peres took a middle-ground view, saying "Israel is not going to lead a policy" against South Africa, but would follow the approach taken by the United States and Western Europe. In , Israel found itself the only developed nation in the world that still maintained strong, even strategic relations with South Africa, as the apartheid regime was entering its final throes. Among African nations, only Malawi maintained diplomatic relations with South Africa throughout the Apartheid era.
Peres accompanied his announcement with the statement: "There is no room for discrimination, whether it's called apartheid or any other name", Peres said. The Jewish outlook is that every man was born in the image of God and created equal. However, several secret military treaties with South Africa remained in force, continuing joint research in missile development and nuclear technology.
Benjamin Beit-Hallahmi wrote in that the alliance between South Africa and Israel was one of the most underreported news stories of the past four decades and that Israel played a crucial role in the survival of the apartheid regime. On July 14, , four days after the United States acted to end its economic and cultural sanctions against South Africa, Israel lifted its sanctions as well.
The sanctions did not apply to agreements signed before they were imposed in Although Israel had always condemned apartheid,  [ attribution needed ] it was long apprehensive about the punitive measures, stemming from Israel's own vulnerability to international embargoes by the United Nations and Third World —dominated bodies.
The Israelis responded warmly to his declaration that "there will be a new constitution" in South Africa, "which we believe should be one which will prevent domination, in any form, by a minority, but also domination by a majority in the sense that no majority should be in a position to abuse its power.
South Africa provided much of the yellowcake uranium that Israel required to develop its nuclear weapons. South Africa built its own nuclear bombs , possibly with Israeli assistance.
Intelligence believed that Israel participated in South African nuclear research projects and supplied advanced non-nuclear weapons technology to South Africa during the s, while South Africa was developing its own atomic bombs. Chris McGreal has written that "Israel provided expertise and technology that was central to South Africa's development of its nuclear bombs". According to journalist Seymour Hersh , the Vela incident, was the third joint Israeli-South African nuclear weapons test in the Indian Ocean, and the Israelis had sent two IDF ships and "a contingent of Israeli military men and nuclear experts" for the test.
In , The Guardian reported that newly declassified South African documents uncovered by academic Sasha Polakow-Suransky showed details of a meeting on 31 March between the two countries' defence ministers, at the time South African P. Former apartheid foreign minister Pik Botha, as well as various Israeli insiders and experts, also said the allegations were highly improbable.
Nelson Mandela first visited Israel as well as the Palestinian territories in , after he had handed over the presidency of South Africa to Thabo Mbeki. He had not previously received an invitation from Israel. He said: "To the many people who have questioned why I came, I say: Israel worked very closely with the apartheid regime.
I say: I've made peace with many men who slaughtered our people like animals. Israel cooperated with the apartheid regime, but it did not participate in any atrocities. And he noted that, upon his release from prison in , he received invitations to visit "almost every country in the world, except Israel.
Some prominent South African figures, such as Desmond Tutu and Ronnie Kasrils ,   have criticized Israel's treatment of the Palestinians, drawing parallels between apartheid South Africa and modern-day Israel.
I regarded Jews as whites. Purely whites. But when I came here I discovered that, no, these guys are not purely whites. I began to say to our comrades, No, Israel is not a white country Perhaps we would say there are those who came from Poland, who happened to be white—i. Ashkenazi their culture still dominates.
It's difficult to say Israel is racist, in a classic sense. South Africa is an advocate of the two-state solution. One of the few relevant questions with data from South Africa asked "Now thinking about the dispute between Israel and the Palestinians, which side do you sympathize with more, Israel or the Palestinians?
Following the Gaza flotilla raid , South Africa recalled its ambassador from Israel and summoned the Israeli ambassador for a reprimand. The movement for an Academic boycott of Israel , within the broader Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions movement, was established in South Africa following the Durban Conference on Racism. The South African Department of International Relations and Cooperation said in an official statement "As we have stated on previous occasions, South Africa reiterates its view that the Israeli Defence Force must withdraw from the Gaza Strip and bring to an end the violent and destructive incursions into Palestinian territories.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. See also: Jericho missile. Main article: South Africa and weapons of mass destruction. See also: Vela Incident and Israel and weapons of mass destruction. Israel portal South Africa portal.
Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 10 December American Jewish Year Book. Community and conscience: the Jews in apartheid South Africa. Brandeis University Press. South Africa: A Country Study. New York Times. Political Dictionary of the State of Israel. Macmillan Publishing Co. Policy Toward Southern Africa. University of California Press. Community and conscience: the Jews in apartheid South Africa Googlebooks account required. Retrieved 25 June South African History Online.
Archived from the original on 12 November
Whilst the TUC cannot make a legal judgement on the issue of apartheid, it is important that we root our language in international law. We believe we must use language carefully and not risk trivialising the critical situation for Palestinians. We call on the UK government to publicly support the same goals and to recognise the State of Palestine. UK trade policy and business should ensure Palestinian labour and human rights are protected and respected, and support an end to the occupation. We also encourage affiliates, employers and pension funds to disinvest from, and boycott the goods of companies who profit from illegal settlements, the occupation and construction of the wall. Download executive summary pdf.
Indispensable for the Palestinian solidarity movement, Israeli Apartheid: A Beginner's Guide distils the work of academics and experts into a highly readable.
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Nonviolent Resistance in the Second Intifada pp Cite as. W hen the powerful turn their backs to justice, when they channel their solidarity to the oppressor, it becomes the task of the powerless to band together and fight for what is right. This is a general principle of solidarity against oppression, one that the world has witnessed in action time and time again, from the civil war in Spain, through occupied Vietnam and Algeria, to apartheid South Africa. Such solidarity is not new in the case of Palestine. For over 60 years, activists around the world have worked to put an end to the Zionist injustices against the Palestinian people.
On Friday, 5 February , over one year since the Office of the Prosecutor closed its preliminary examination into the Situation in the State of Palestine, the Pre-Trial Chamber of the International Criminal Court ICC issued its decision affirming that the Court has full territorial jurisdiction over the occupied Palestinian territory oPt , i. A critically important step towards ensuring the rule of law, the decision also marks an important step towards ending impunity, while ensuring the dignity of the Palestinian people who have been denied their right of self-determination and subjected to a criminal regime of aparthied, forced displacement, the transfer in of nationals of the Occupying Power, extensive destruction and appropriation of property, pillage, wilful killings and persecution — among other crimes all crimes within the jurisdiction of Court. The decision confirmed the State of Palestine, which joined the Court in , as a full and legitimate State Party to the Rome Statute, and the entirety of the oPt as within the scope of territorial jurisdiction for investigation into international crimes. The Pre-Trial Chamber ruled that the Prosecutor has the full authority to investigate all war crimes and crimes against humanity that have taken place in the oPt and made clear that the Oslo Accords are not an obstacle to the Court investigating and prosecuting Israeli personnel, including the Israeli occupying forces and Israeli authorities in the occupied West Bank, whether they are in Area C or illegal Israeli settlements. Our Coalition continues to work tirelessly in pursuit of justice and accountability at the ICC, submitting six substantial communications and thousands of eyewitness files to the Office of the Prosecutor, along with an amicus curaie submission to the Pre-Trial Chamber in March Our Coalition is routinely faced with hostile measures of collective punishment from Israel, which are characterised by a climate of fear and inclusive of a protracted campaign of smears and death threats — all designed to foil, undermine, and deter Palestinian engagement with the Court. The Prosecutor must now move swiftly to advance the files, including for the full-scale military assualt on Gaza in and regular targeting of Palestinian civilians, including children.
Overview. Much analysis of Israeli apartheid focuses on comparisons with South Africa. dimensions, he reveals Israeli apartheid to be far more sophisticated than that of South Africa and International solidarity and isolation was but one of.
Israel—South Africa relations refer to the current and historic relationship between the Republic of South Africa and the State of Israel. South Africa was among the 33 states that voted in favour of the UN Partition Plan ,   recommending the establishment of a Jewish State in Palestine, and was one of only four Commonwealth nations to do so. On 24 May ,  nine days after Israel's declaration of independence , the South African government of Jan Smuts , a long-time supporter of Zionism , granted de facto recognition to the State of Israel, just two days before his United Party was voted out of office and replaced by the pro-apartheid National Party. South Africa was the seventh nation to recognise the new Jewish state. Diplomatic relations between Israel and South Africa began in , when Israel established a consulate-general in Pretoria,  : which was raised to the status of a legation in November
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