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Islam Religion History And Civilization Seyyed Hossein Nasr Pdf

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Islam Religion History and Civilization by Seyyed Hossein Nasr pdf

Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. Want to Read saving…. Want to Read Currently Reading Read. Other editions. Enlarge cover. Error rating book. Refresh and try again. Open Preview See a Problem? Details if other :. Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page. Science and Civilization in Islam has remained unsurpassed as the authoritative statement on this subject. With his characteristic breadth of learning, clarity of exposition and insight, Seyyed Hossein Nasr presents here for the first time a full picture of Islamic science, not as a chapter in the history of Western science, but as an integral aspect of Islamic civilisatio Science and Civilization in Islam has remained unsurpassed as the authoritative statement on this subject.

With his characteristic breadth of learning, clarity of exposition and insight, Seyyed Hossein Nasr presents here for the first time a full picture of Islamic science, not as a chapter in the history of Western science, but as an integral aspect of Islamic civilisation and the Islamic intellectual tradition.

By means of an historical presentation, an analysis of its forms, including the use of passages from the writings of many Muslim scientists and philosophers, the author is able to convey not only a sense of the operative context of Islamic science but he also demonstrates its inter-relatedness with the sapiential wisdom on which it is based. An introductory chapter provides the reader with a necessary orientation to the subject according to the principles of Islam, while subsequent chapters survey the whole spectrum of the individual sciences from cosmology, philosophy, theology to alchemy, physics, mathematics, astronomy, and medicine concluding with a chapter on the gnostic tradition.

For this edition, Dr Nasr has written a preface surveying the fields covered in the book since its first appearance in , and has provided a supplement that brings the Bibliography up to date. Get A Copy. Paperback , pages. Published January 1st by Islamic Texts Society first published More Details Original Title. Other Editions Friend Reviews. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. To ask other readers questions about Science and Civilization in Islam , please sign up.

Be the first to ask a question about Science and Civilization in Islam. Lists with This Book. This book is not yet featured on Listopia. Community Reviews. Showing Average rating 3. Rating details. More filters. Sort order. Start your review of Science and Civilization in Islam.

Mar 02, Alex Kartelias rated it it was amazing Shelves: religion , science-math , philosophy. Having read Nasr's other books, I knew there was a profound depth in Islamic thought and spirituality. At first I was amazed- contrary to what most think- that Islamic society was central to the west's Renaissance, but then I became humble in my ignorance when I began reading this book. What really makes me an admirer of Islamic thought is how in their mind, all fields and subjects are one: not just fai I've recently become fascinated with the Islamic Renaissance afterwatching a BBC documentary.

What really makes me an admirer of Islamic thought is how in their mind, all fields and subjects are one: not just faith and reason but medicine, astronomy, physics, maths, philosophy, art, music, poetry, geology, sociology, the list goes on. The problem is more embarrassingly obvious when you look at how science runs in the west: you have the biologist, the astro-physicist, evolutionary biologist, chemist and others in one conference room talking about their own field, trying to, 'connect the bridges' between each other's disciplines while politely tolerating each other's unnecessarily complicated jargon and inwardly feeling the lack of ability to communicate their own field to the other experts.

Much like the Protestant reformation, science began to explode into a thousand different fields during the scientific revolution and the further and longer they became distant from other fields, the more distinct their terminology became. But in Islamic society, all fields are not dialects of each other: they all stem from the Logo's, The Divine Principle, the Intellect from which contains all multiplicities and archetypes.

As a reckless polymath, I bow in humble agreement with the way they treat science as well as with other disciplines. We'll have to see. View 2 comments. May 16, Ahmad Abdul Rahim rated it really liked it Shelves: intelek , falsafah , masyarakat-pramoden.

Ini adalah sebuah buku sejarah yg sangat berunsur partisan; maksud aku, penulis mempunyai konsepsi sains yg unik yang penulis mahukan untuk pembaca merasakan sendiri cara pandang yg dipilihnya tersebut. Banyak daripada konsep tentang sains dan sejarah sains yg digunakan Prof Syed Hossein Nasr adalah counter-intuitive. Salah satu sebab adalah kerana idea "Sains Islam" yg dibawakan Prof Nasr bukan sekadar satu jenama, tetapi adalah satu paradigma baru di dalam merenung kembali sejarah perkembangan Ini adalah sebuah buku sejarah yg sangat berunsur partisan; maksud aku, penulis mempunyai konsepsi sains yg unik yang penulis mahukan untuk pembaca merasakan sendiri cara pandang yg dipilihnya tersebut.

Salah satu sebab adalah kerana idea "Sains Islam" yg dibawakan Prof Nasr bukan sekadar satu jenama, tetapi adalah satu paradigma baru di dalam merenung kembali sejarah perkembangan dan pengamalan sains di Tanah Islam.

By default, idea seperti ke-progresifan-an sains yg biasa didapati di dalam mana2 buku sejarah sains yg arus perdana adalah ditolak mentah-mentah oleh penulis. Terlalu banyak poin di mana aku mendapati kepala aku menggeleng membaca pernyataan2 yg dibawakan penulis, bukan kerana ketempangan fakta atau hujah penulis hal sebegitu adalah tidak terbayangkan di dalam mana2 karya Prof Nasr , tetapi kerana implikasi yg terkandung di sebalik usul2 tersebut.

Buku ini sangat sukar untuk dibaca. Di dalam setiap bab penulis akan membawakan petikan daripada adikarya2 tulisan ilmuan Islam yg telah mendefinisikan subjek tersebut -perubatan, kajian hayat, geografi, kaji manusia, fizik, alkemi. Justeru di dalam setiap bab tersebut pembaca akan terserempak dengan tulisan2 yg meriwayatkan kisah2 dan maklumat2 milik suatu tempoh yg telah dilupakan zaman.

Perlu diingatkan petikan tersebut bukan pendek; pada hemat aku secara purata ia akan mengambil sebanyak 4ms. Tibanya ke helaian2 terakhir, pembaca akan mendapati bahawa lebih banyak persoalan yg ditimbulkan berbanding jawapan. Buku ini paling baik dibaca oleh mental temperament yg tidak membawa sebarang bentuk harapan atau jangkaan dan andaian.

Aug 15, Mark Bowles rated it it was amazing. The purpose of this book was to describe the science of Islam, from the eighth to the seventeenth centuries A. To enhance these descriptions, Nasr provided numerous and lengthy primary writings throughout the book.

The concept of unity resulted in few speciaized studies as the great thinkers were concerned with all manner of knowledge. This knowledge was sought to help them defend their faith when confronted with religious debates by Christians or Jews.

They used the logic and reasoning of the ancient Greeks to help them win these debates while also bringing them closer to spiritual perfection and God. This idea was both a strength and a weakness.

This view of knowledge was not held by the Christians; and as a result, progress was slowed in the west by the belief in the divine truths of revelation. The sacred nature of knowledge was also a weakness because Islamic science was still guided by a supernatural or spiritual force.

This would ultimately limit their capability to further develop science. The book began with a chronological listing of the universal figures of Islamic science. He was followed in the ninth century by Al- Kindi, who was the first philosopher-scientist.

Al-Khwarazmi was an outstanding mathematician and produced the first Muslim work in algebra. Al-Razi, in the tenth century, was the greatest clinical physician and was the "Galen" of his people.

Ibn Sina Latin Avicenna arose in the eleventh century to be the most influential Islamic scientist. The chronology ended in the seventeenth century with Al-Amili, who was a famous religious scholar.

The first learning center where the Hakims taught was the Bait al-Hikmah, which was built in Baghdad as a meeting place for scholars, scientists, and translators. In the tenth century, the Majlis was the main gathering place for learning. The hospitals were also learning centers that taught clinical medicine to its students. Nasr then discussed the individual scientific disciplines, topically, with chronological subdivisions by century.

I will give an overview of some of his main topics. Islamic cosmology was derived from the Quran. Its main principles were the concept of unity and the graduation of being. There were five circles which represented the states of being; these were the divine essence, divine names, the world of psychic manifestation, the terrestrial domain, and the intelligible world. God represented the center of these circles, and the angels moved and guarded the planets.

Geography was the most studied of the Islamic sciences and was linked to astronomy which allowed the Muslim sailors to navigate by the stars. After the fourteenth century, geography began to decline. Three qualitative scientists arose in the field of physics. The first was Alhazen in the eleventh century. The second physicist was Al-Biruni, a compiler and scholar, who wrote letters to Avicenna and questioned the Peripatetic physics.

The third was Al-Khazini, who made a twelfth-century study of mechanics and hydrostatics and created a science of balance which he used to measure the absolute and specific weights of objects. They used a decimal fraction and developed trigonometry. The main interest of the Muslims in astronomy was the nature of the heavenly bodies, and the motions, sizes, and distances of the planets. On the nature of the spheres, the Muslims felt that the planets were physical entities instead of abstract ideas as the Greeks thought.

Al-Biruni's study of the planetary motion was much like Ptolemy's with a complex arrangement of eccentric and ecliptic circles. Al-Farghani, in the ninth century, made a table of the distances of the planets.

Nasr provided a chart which compared Al-Farghani's figures with those of today's. Philosophy began, in Islam, in the ninth century, with translations of Greek works. Al-Kindi was the first of these philosophers, but Avicenna became the greatest.

Islam - Religion, History, and Civilization

Search this site. Islam: Religion, History, and Civilization by Seyyed Hossein Nasr Synopsis: The world's leading Islamicist offers a concise introduction to this rich and diverse tradition of 1. In this informative and clear introduction to the world of Islam, Seyyed Hossein Nasr explores the following topics in depth:. Warner Wallace. John of the Cross. Can White People Be Saved? Christianity vs.

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Access options available:. By Seyyed Hossein Nasr. San Francisco: Harper San Francisco,

The history of Islam concerns the political, social, economic and cultural developments of Islamic civilization. Most historians [1] accept that Islam originated in Mecca and Medina at the start of the 7th century CE. Muslims regard Islam as a return to the original faith of the prophets , such as Jesus , Solomon , David , Moses , Abraham , Noah and Adam , with the submission islam to the will of God.

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Islam - Religion, History, and Civilization

The present study, based on the published works of these two thinkers with the method of comparative study, seeks to compare their views on the causes of the decline of Islamic-Iranian civilization and ways out of it. The findings show that they have divided the degenerative factors into two categories: internal and external. They share in introducing elements such as authoritarian rule and colonialism as factors of degeneration, but in some cases they also have differences. In the section on internal factors, Shahid Motahari emphasizes on factors such as distorting the teachings of Islam, harmful support of religion, etc. In the section on external factors, Shahid Motahari mentions the role of non-Muslims, domination and political colonization, but Nasr mentions the influence of Western science and technology and cultural damage in the light of globalization. In the solutions section, each of them has their own opinions. Volume 11, Issue 39 Summer

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Philosophy East and West

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ISLAM Religion, History, and Civilization Seyyed Hossein Nasr FOR SINA Contents Epigraph vi Introduction vii 1. Islam and the Islamic World 1 2. Islam as​.

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