File Name: educational planning strategic tactical and operational .zip
Business plans go by many names: Strategic plans, operational plans, internal plans, Lean Plans, and many others. They are; The contribution of Planning to the Attainment of Objectives. The nature of planning can be understood by examining its four major aspects. MS Word. Types of Planning Types of planning refer to forms of educational planning adopted by planners in conjunction with the polity to map out the direction of future education of a country within a specified time-frame.
Three major types of plans can help managers achieve their organization's goals: strategic, tactical, and operational. Operational plans lead to the achievement of tactical plans, which in turn lead to the attainment of strategic plans. In addition to these three types of plans, managers should also develop a contingency plan in case their original plans fail. Operational plans. The specific results expected from departments, work groups, and individuals are the operational goals. These goals are precise and measurable.
A good strategic plan can improve student outcomes, keep great teachers and enhance the reputation of district leadership. Failure in strategic planning can be disastrous. Strategic planning is the process of setting goals, deciding on actions to achieve those goals and mobilizing the resources needed to take those actions. A strategic plan describes how goals will be achieved through the use of available resources. School districts of all sizes use strategic planning to achieve the broad goals of improving student outcomes and responding to changing demographics while staying within the funding box they are given. The nature of these goals and restrictions suggest that strategic planning in education is, and must be, different than the process used in the business sector. In the business sector the goal is to get more customers or make more money.
Members may download one copy of our sample forms and templates for your personal use within your organization. Neither members nor non-members may reproduce such samples in any other way e. A strategic plan supports the organization's vision and mission statements by outlining the high-level plan to achieve both. Strategic plans generally provide the broad, long-term picture. Strategic plans influence the development of tactical plans.
JERRY HERMAN PDF. As one of the window to open the brand-new globe, this Educational Planning: Strategic, Tactical, And. Operational By Roger Kaufman.
Business planning seems like it would be something that organizations do well, given the near self-evident importance of the concept. Yet, that is not necessarily the case. Organizations should develop a better understanding of how to approach business planning. The following sections expand on the topic and the four types of planning. If companies improve how they plan, managing and leadership will also improve.
Strategic planning is an organization 's process of defining its strategy , or direction, and making decisions on allocating its resources to pursue this strategy. It may also extend to control mechanisms for guiding the implementation of the strategy. Strategic planning became prominent in corporations during the s and remains an important aspect of strategic management. It is executed by strategic planners or strategists , who involve many parties and research sources in their analysis of the organization and its relationship to the environment in which it competes. Strategy has many definitions, but generally involves setting strategic goals , determining actions to achieve the goals, and mobilizing resources to execute the actions.
Generally, strategic planning deals, on the whole business, rather than just an isolated unit, with at least one of following three key questions:. For example, the first and third questions are those that motivate an acquisition. Acquisitions are thus strategic choices. Typically strategic choices look at 3 to 5 years, although some extend their vision to 20 years long term.
Самый дорогой компьютер в мире на его глазах превращался в восьмиэтажный ад. Стратмор медленно повернулся к Сьюзан. Тоже неподвижная, она стояла у дверей шифровалки. Стратмор посмотрел на ее залитое слезами лицо, и ему показалось, что вся она засветилась в сиянии дневного света. Ангел, подумал. Ему захотелось увидеть ее глаза, он надеялся найти в них избавление.