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Nature And Scope Of Political Geography Pdf

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In the s, it became evident to Hartshorne that there was little agreement among geographers about the central theme of their discipline. With strong encouragement from Derwent Whittlesey, Hartshorne launched into a major effort to articulate clearly the central theme and general nature of geography. In this publication, Hartshorne focused on two major themes. The first involved the debate in which European geographers of the s attempted to decide whether geography should be primarily systematic or regional.

Human Geography

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Are you sure you want to Yes No. Saman Shahid. Show More. No Downloads. Views Total views. Actions Shares. No notes for slide. Nature, Scope and Sub-fields of Political Science 1. Nature and Scope of Political Science Sub-fields of political science 2.

Political Science The branch of social sciences that control people, elect leaders, opinion their voters and also help citizens to know their responsibilities in the society is called political science 4.

But we should know that politics is much larger than that. The Four Zones They influence and explain political action. They include the study of political parties. People It is a people who make the state. Population or people are essential for the state.

Territory It is a fixed area that rightly belongs to the population. There can be no state without fixed territory. It may be remembered that the territory of state includes land, water and air-space. It should be permanent and large enough to be self-sufficing. Government It is the third element of the state. Government is the agency through with the force of the state is formulated, expressed and realized.

Sovereignty The fourth essential element of the state is sovereignty. It should not consider people as helpless subject, but as co-rulers in its governance. Thus sociology means the study of society. It involves both formal and informal behaviors of people. Economics Economics is the social science that studies economic activity to gain an understanding of the processes that govern the production, distribution and consumption of goods in a country.

To understand the complexity of cultures across all of human history, anthropology draws knowledge from the social and biological sciences as well as the humanities and physical sciences. Psychology Psychology is an academic and applied discipline that involves the scientific study of mental functions and behaviors.

Conclusion In conclusion, we will say that the scope of political science comprehends globalization, state sovereignty, international security, and ecological sustainability of a state. You just clipped your first slide! Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

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Richard Hartshorne and The Nature of Geography

One aim of post-humanist work is to find a way of including the natural world in a meaningful way into IR theory and analysis see Kaltofen this volume. This is a challenge, but perhaps not an insurmountable one. After all, the discipline has roots in geopolitical analysis of how geography and climates affect world politics. The chapter concludes by considering how best to proceed in developing an IR as if the Earth matters. IR has some of its deepest disciplinary roots in considerations about geography.

Political Science: Definition, Theory, Nature and Scope

Political science is that branch of the social sciences that studies the state, politics, and government. Political Science deals extensively with the analysis of political systems, the theoretical and practical applications to politics, and the examination of political behavior. The Greek thinker, Aristotle, defined political science as the study of the state. Many political scientists view themselves as being engaged in fleshing out the connections between political events and conditions, and by this understanding they hope to construct a system of general principles that posit the way the world of politics works. Political science is not a standalone field and it intersects many other branches like sociology, economics, history, anthropology, public policy among others.

Political Geography

New tasks and future scope of political geography

Common people, renowned scholars and political scientists of high repute very often use the words politics and political science to denote the same thing that is they use the two terms interchangeably. But a proper scrutiny and hair split analysis will reveal that there is a difference between the terms though this difference can easily be ignored. It is believed that the term politics is derived from the word Polis the exact meaning of which is city-state.

Want an easy way to keep up with the journal literature for all facets of Geography? And you use a mobile device? You can install the BrowZine app and create a custom Bookshelf of your favorite journal titles. Then you will get the Table of Contents ToCs of your favorite journals automatically delivered to you when they become available.

Human geography is the branch of geography concerned with understanding the world's culture and how it relates to geographic space. Political geography is the further offshoot that studies the spatial distribution of political processes and how these processes are impacted by one's geographic location. It often studies local and national elections, international relationships and the political structure of different areas based on geography. The development of political geography began with the growth of human geography as a separate geographic discipline from physical geography. Early human geographers often studied a nation or specific location's political development based on physical landscape attributes. In many areas, the landscape was thought to either help or hinder the economic and political success and therefore the development of nations.

Political geography is concerned with the study of both the spatially uneven outcomes of political processes and the ways in which political processes are themselves affected by spatial structures. Conventionally, for the purposes of analysis, political geography adopts a three-scale structure with the study of the state at the centre, the study of international relations or geopolitics above it, and the study of localities below it. The primary concerns of the subdiscipline can be summarized as the inter-relationships between people, state, and territory.

Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Geography's relevance to science and society arises from a distinctive and integrating set of perspectives through which geographers view the world around them. This chapter conveys a sense of what is meant by a geographic perspective, whether it be applied in research, teaching, or practice. Due to space limitations, it does not attempt to cite the many excellent examples of research illustrating geography's perspectives; the citations refer mainly to broad-ranging summaries of geographic research that are intended as resources for further reading.

We have now learned that physical geography examines and investigates natural phenomena spatially. In the previous section, we identified some of the key elements studied by physical geographers. Combining these two items, we can now suggest that physical geography studies the spatial patterns of weather and climate, soils, vegetation, animals, water in all its forms, and landforms.

Political geography

According to Vladimir Kolossov , Political geography is an academic discipline studying the interaction between political activity of people and integral geographical space, which includes physical, economic, social, cultural, and political spaces. According to Oxford Dictionary of Geography , Political geography is the geographical analysis of political studies which concerns with spatial expression of political ideas, the consequences of decision making by political entity and with those geographical factors that influence political activities or political problem.

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