File Name: god and the universe of faiths .zip
One reason that modern-day debates between atheists and religious believers are so bad-tempered, tedious and infuriating is that neither side invests much effort in figuring out what the other actually means when they use the word 'God'.
The first recordings that survive of monotheistic conceptions of God , borne out of henotheism and mostly in Eastern religions monism , are from the Hellenistic period. Of the many objects and entities that religions and other belief systems across the ages have labeled as divine, the one criterion they share is their acknowledgment as divine by a group or groups of human beings. In his Metaphysics , Aristotle discusses the meaning of "being as being". Aristotle holds that "being" primarily refers to the Unmoved Movers , and assigned one of these to each movement in the heavens. Each Unmoved Mover continuously contemplates its own contemplation, and everything that fits the second meaning of "being" by having its source of motion in itself, i.
Pantheism is the belief that reality is identical with divinity ,  or that all-things compose an all-encompassing, immanent god. The term pantheism was coined by mathematician Joseph Raphson in   and has since been used to describe the beliefs of a variety of people and organizations. Pantheism was popularized in Western culture as a theology and philosophy based on the work of the 17th-century philosopher Baruch Spinoza , in particular, his book Ethics. The first known combination of these roots appears in Latin , in Joseph Raphson 's book De Spatio Reali seu Ente Infinito ,  where he refers to the "pantheismus" of Spinoza and others. There are numerous definitions of pantheism. Some consider it a theological and philosophical position concerning God. Pantheism is the view that everything is part of an all-encompassing, immanent God.
What if most modern arguments against religious belief have been attacking the wrong God all along? One reason that modern-day debates between atheists and religious believers are so bad-tempered, tedious and infuriating is that neither side invests much effort in figuring out what the other actually means when they use the word 'God'. This is an embarrassing oversight, especially for the atheist side on which my sympathies generally lie. After all, scientific rationalists are supposed to care deeply about evidence. So you might imagine they'd want to be sure that the God they're denying is the one in which most believers really believe. No 'case against God', however watertight, means much if it's directed at the wrong target.
He is also an Elder and the congregation chair of St. Columbas Uniting Church in Balwyn, Victoria. This essay grew out of a series of lectures on the topic of "Intelligent and Intelligible Design" delivered at St. Martin gratefully acknowledges many fruitful conversations with Harry. God cast us in his own image. We have free will and intelligence. Without science we could only ever operate at the whim of God.
Religion is the relationship between God and human beings. We can think about God in various ways, but it is perhaps most appropriate to view God as the foundation of the universe; and by "human beings" I am referring to our individual consciousness. Various religions come into being in accordance with different ways of thinking about the relationship between God and humans. But what sort of relationship is the true religious relationship? If we assume that the essences of God and humans differ fundamentally and that God is merely some sort of great power above and beyond us, then there is no true religious motive in our response to God.
British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data. Hick, John. God and the universe of faiths: essays in the philosophy of religion.-Rev. I. Religion-Philosophy.
Monotheism , belief in the existence of one god, or in the oneness of God. As such, it is distinguished from polytheism , the belief in the existence of many gods, from atheism , the belief that there is no god, and from agnosticism , the belief that the existence or nonexistence of a god or of gods is unknown or unknowable. Monotheism characterizes the traditions of Judaism , Christianity , and Islam , and elements of the belief are discernible in numerous other religions.
We are going to think philosophically about a number of questions and issues related to religion. The purpose here is neither to convert believers into non-believers nor the other way around. The objective is to demonstrate and encourage applying philosophical thinking to matters of great importance. Religion is certainly of great importance.
Милый, я… я сейчас задохнусь! - Ей стало дурно. Все ее внутренности сдавило этой немыслимой тяжестью. - Despiertate! - Ее пальцы инстинктивно вцепились ему в волосы. Просыпайся.
Звонок из Соединенных Штатов. Он улыбнулся. Значит, все правда.
ГЛАВА 51 Джабба был похож на гигантского головастика. Подобно киноперсонажу, в честь которого он и получил свое прозвище, его тело представляло собой шар, лишенный всякой растительности. В качестве штатного ангела-хранителя компьютерных систем АН Б Джабба ходил по отделам, делал замечания, что-то налаживал и тем самым постоянно подтверждал свое кредо, гласившее, что профилактика-лучшее лекарство. Ни один из поднадзорных ему компьютеров АНБ не заразился вирусом, и он был намерен не допустить этого и впредь. Рабочим местом Джаббы была платформа, с которой открывался вид на подземную сверхсекретную базу данных АНБ.
Я обязан позвонить в службу безопасности, - решил. - Что еще мне остается? - Он представил Хейла на скамье подсудимых, вываливающего все, что ему известно о Цифровой крепости. - Весь мой план рухнет. Должен быть какой-то другой выход. - Решайте! - крикнул Хейл и потащил Сьюзан к лестнице.
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