File Name: the person and the situation lee ross .zip
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By Dr. Saul McLeod , published The fundamental attribution error also known as correspondence bias or over-attribution effect is the tendency for people to over-emphasize dispositional, or personality-based explanations for behaviors observed in others while under-emphasizing situational explanations.
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In social psychology , fundamental attribution error FAE , also known as correspondence bias or attribution effect , is the tendency for people to under-emphasize situational explanations for an individual's observed behavior while over-emphasizing dispositional and personality-based explanations for their behavior. This effect has been described as "the tendency to believe that what people do reflects who they are",  that is, to overattribute their behaviors what they do or say to their personality and underattribute them to the situation or context. The phrase was coined by Lee Ross  some years after a classic experiment by Edward E. Jones and Victor Harris
Lee David Ross born is the Stanford Federal Credit Union Professor of Humanities and Sciences at Stanford University   and an influential social psychologist who has studied attributional biases , shortcoming in judgment and decision making , and barriers to conflict resolution , often with longtime collaborator Mark Lepper. Ross is known for his identification and explication of the fundamental attribution error and for the demonstration and analysis of other phenomena and shortcomings that have become standard topics in textbooks and in some cases, even popular media. Ross has also gone beyond the laboratory to involve himself in conflict resolution and public peace processes in the Middle East, Northern Ireland, and other areas of the world. Ross earned his B.
Professors Ross and Nisbett eloquently argue that the context we find ourselves in substantially affects our behaviour. We offer it as an olive branch and invitation to more fruitful intellectual dialogue with our friends in personality research and also to our friends in anthropology and sociology who cluck, with some justification, about our parochialism. We offer it as a slim guide for non-psychologists to the heart and muscle of our enterprise.