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Christophe Jaffrelot The Hindu Nationalist Movement And Indian Politics Pdf

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India has been the crucible of several types of populism over time.

Although the BJP was defeated nationally in , it continues to govern large Indian states, and the movement it represents remains a major force in the world's largest democracy. This book presents the thought of the founding fathers and key intellectual leaders of Hindu nationalism from the time of the British Raj, through the independence period, to the present. Spanning more than years of Indian history and including the writings of both famous and unknown ideologues, this reader reveals how the "Hindutuva" movement approaches key issues of Indian politics.

Populism in India

Hindu nationalists have become experts in the art of being outraged after the crystallization of the Hindutva ideology in the s. Articulating a deeprooted inferiority complex, they have tried hard to denounce the disrespectful behaviour of the minorities they feared most—especially the Muslims—in order to mobilize new followers. Such a process was likely to trigger riots and to polarise society along communal lines—and eventually to translate into votes. However, a purely instrumentalist interpretation of the Hindu nationalist use of outrage would be too simplistic. The use of sacred symbols is not that easy, as evident from the case of the Ram Setu movement. It shows that the Sangh Parivar finds it more difficult to mobilize followers when the culprits are not Muslims. It also shows that the exploitation of the outrage is more complicated when its instigators are born Hindus.

South Asia has been a true laboratory for the students of nation-building and nationalism. No other region has experienced two partitions of the magnitude of those of and Such a violent history did not stem from the religious and linguistic diversity of the Indian subcontinent—that would be a simplistic interpretation—but from the ideologies and strategies of political actors in India and Pakistan, the two countries on which this chapter focuses. In both places, two types of nationalism have been in competition: a multicultural one epitomized by Gandhi, Nehru, and Jinnah and an ethno-religious one represented by the Hindu nationalists in India and the Islamic parties in Pakistan. In India, the second brand of nationalism has gained momentum at the expense of the first one from the s. In Pakistan, in addition to the Islamization of politics by both civilians such as Z. Bhutto and generals like Zia-ul-Haq, ethno-linguistic nationalists have prevailed as in East Bengal or shown a remarkable resilience as in Baluchistan and among the Mohajirs.

India has been the crucible of several types of populism over time. In the s, it saw the rise of peasant populism, an ideology that erased class differentiation to promote a rural people vs. Besides these national trends, at the state level, populist leaders have also emerged popularizing regional identities against alien or corrupt national elites. Overall, the chapter views populism in India as primarily a relational and often highly personalized style of leadership that frequently circumvents institutions to privilege a direct connection between a leader and the people, variously defined. Keywords: peasant politics , regionalism , socialism , personality cult , majoritarianism , ethno-religious nationalism.

Hindu Nationalism and the Social Welfare Strategy

Skip to main content. In contrast, the Mandal has facilitated the relative mobility of lower castes, such as OBCs and Dalits, through reservations in government jobs and education. Thus, Jats have responded to this crisis by changing the discourse from one of domination to one that highlights their deprivation to bolster their demands for OBC status. The Jats have responded to this crisis by changing the discourse from one of domination to one that highlights their deprivation to bolster their demands for OBC status. The attacks on them are explored, with a special focus on Gujarat, by taking into consideration the nature of the cases they have filed. Who the RTI activists are and the role that non-governmental organisations have played in popularising the RTI is looked at as a tool to question the state in the distant villages of Gujarat, and also among the marginalised—women, Dalits, and Adivasis.

Hindu Nationalism and the Social Welfare Strategy

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The Hindu nationalists who later came to populate the Bharatiya Janata Party BJP and its various ideological affiliates have consistently harbored a starkly different view; they envision India as a majoritarian nation-state, not a multicultural one. To understand these dynamics, it is necessary to define basic concepts and review relevant history. This is because political entrepreneurs who promote ethnoreligious identities—especially Hindu nationalist ideologues—have created much confusion around the notion of secularism, claiming that its proponents have endeavored to make the state hostile or indifferent to religion. That was certainly not the intention of the architects of modern India, whose enemy was not religion, but communalism. Nationalist forces aside, all is not well with Indian secularism.

The Hindu Nationalist Movement in India

The Global Sangh Parivar: A Study of Contemporary International Hinduism

The Hindu nationalists who later came to populate the Bharatiya Janata Party BJP and its various ideological affiliates have consistently harbored a starkly different view; they envision India as a majoritarian nation-state, not a multicultural one. To understand these dynamics, it is necessary to define basic concepts and review relevant history. This is because political entrepreneurs who promote ethnoreligious identities—especially Hindu nationalist ideologues—have created much confusion around the notion of secularism, claiming that its proponents have endeavored to make the state hostile or indifferent to religion. That was certainly not the intention of the architects of modern India, whose enemy was not religion, but communalism. Nationalist forces aside, all is not well with Indian secularism.

There is an excellent and balanced summary by Aruna Natarajan on the conjunction between the two processes, and why many people are opposing them published by Citizen Matters. For many, the anti-Muslim exclusionary tendencies found within joint process of the CAA and NRC are the latest manifestation of a longer process aimed at creating a majoritarian state — an India for Hindus first of all. The book. Its agenda is also pursued beyond the formal branches of government, as the new dispensation portrays conventional social hierarchies as intrinsic to Indian culture while condoning communal and caste- and gender-based violence. The contributors explore how Hindutva ideology has permeated the state apparatus and formal institutions, and how Hindutva activists exert control over civil society via vigilante groups, cultural policing and violence. As this majoritarian ideology pervades the media and public discourse, it also affects the judiciary, universities and cultural institutions, increasingly captured by Hindu nationalists.

Full text issues

Religious Internationals in the Modern World pp Cite as. As such, it links and imbricates transnationalism and nationalism. Its deep-seated ethnoreligious nature coincides with a people and a civilization. However, over the years, the Sangh Parivar developed the idea of a global Hinduism that transcends the physical frontiers of India and reaches out to the diaspora, thus operating a shift from an ethnoterritorial to a more purely ethnic base — a development related to the growth of the Hindu diaspora. Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

 Да. Такое впечатление, что он его буквально всучил - канадцу показалось, будто бы он просил, чтобы кольцо взяли.

1 Comments

Tionachamo 13.06.2021 at 09:05

Governments and majoritarian political formations often present police violence as nationalist media spectacles, which marginalize the rights of the accused and normalize the discourse of majoritarian nationalism.

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