File Name: concept of god in hinduism and islam in the light of sacred scriptures .zip
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This Comparative Religion, Interfaith Dialogue Resource consists of three units and fourteen chapters.
Acceptance of the authority of the Veda has been a criterion for determining which schools of Indian thought are orthodox and which are heterodox. If Islam and Hinduism keep Muslims and Hindus apart in the matter of their faith, they also prevent their social assimilation. The answer is an emphatic big NO.
Hinduism and Islam are the third and second most popular religions in the world respectively. They differ in many respects - including idol worship, monotheism and their history. Hinduism on the other hand is religious tradition that originated in the Indian subcontinent in the pre-classical era — BCE and does not have a specific founder.
Share this comparison:. If you read this far, you should follow us:. Diffen LLC, n. From all the scriptures we need to understand the answers to three questions to get the Essence of philosophy of Divine Love: What is our relationship with God? What is the means for establishing that relationship? What final goal will we attain once that relationship has been established? This search is natural to our being, since we are an eternal part of God, who is the ocean of Divine Bliss.
The search for happiness is the search for God, except that is unknown to our mind and intellect. Hence, God-realization is the goal of our lives. We cannot know God by our senses, mind, and intellect. These instruments of knowledge of ours are material, and cannot fathom the Divine nature of the Supreme Being.
The only means of knowing God is through his Grace, whereby He Himself bestows His Divine knowledge upon the soul If we wish to receive that Divine Grace, we must surrender ourselves to Him. This surrender is not an external act; it should be from within.
True surrender is that of the mind. The difficulty in surrendering our mind to God is that at present, it is attached to the world; we must first detach it from here, only then can we attach it to God. At this stage, we need a Guru, or a Spiritual Master who can explain to us on the basis of the scriptures how to detach the mind from the world and attach it to God. The qualification of a genuine spiritual Master is that he must be God-realized himself. Although the Vedas mention the three means of karm, gyana, and bhakti, our goal of God-realization can be accomplished through bhakti alone.
Karm needs the addition of bhakti to make it karmyog; gyan needs the addition of bhakti to make it bhakti to it to make it gyanyog; while bhakti is by itself bhaktiyog. This bhakti or devotion must be performed selflessly, without the desire for any material rewards. Even the desire for liberation is an inferior desire, since liberation is an automatic by-product of attaining devotion.
Shree KrishnaIn this devotion, we can establish five kinds of relationships with the Supreme Being. Amongst these, worshipping God as our Beloved, in the mood of the gopies of Vrindaban, is the highest.
Longing for our Divine Beloved develops by the practice of Roop-dhyan, or meditation on the personal form of God.
Along with this, we must learn to remember Him throughout the day, by feeling His Divine presence with us at all times. When our heart is perfectly cleansed by the practice of devotion, we will receive another kind of devotion by the Grace of our Spiritual Master, called perfect devotion or Divine Love.
This Divine Love is an eternal power of God; it is such a power that God Himself becomes captivated by the devotee who possesses it. Bharatha and a rise of unrighteousness then I manifest Myself! For the protection of the righteous and destruction of the wicked, and for the sake of establishing dharma again, I incarnate Myself on earth ages after ages. For hindu brother who have commented on September 26, , In ur veda there mention of only 1 god,whom there no image.
Islam means surrender to the will of Allah. But we Muslims don't obey Allah he says don't fight but we do he say be polite and gentle with every Muslim and non Muslim.
We should follow Mohammed who never raise his sword to attack but for defence. He prayed even for his enemies peace and love also obedience to God. Hinduism vs. Practices Meditation, yoga , contemplation, yagna communal worship , offerings in the temple. Five pillars: Testament that there is one God and Muhammad is his messenger shahadah ; prayer five times daily; fast during Ramadan; charity to the poor zakat ; pilgrimage Hajj.
Life after death A constant cycle of reincarnation until enlightenment is reached. All beings created with reason will be accountable to God Almighty on the Day of Judgement. They will be rewarded for every atom's weight of good, and either forgiven or punished for evil deeds. Use of statues and pictures Common Images of God or prophets not permitted. Art takes the form of calligraphy, architecture etc. Muslims distinguish themselves from other groups by not drawing lifelike human works, which could be mistaken as idolatry.
No image is representative of God Belief of God Many gods, but realize that they all come from Atman. Only one God monotheism. God is the one True Creator. God has always existed, none existed before him and will exist forever. He transcends life and death. No part of His creation resembles Him, He cannot be seen, but sees all.
Founder Not credited to a particular founder. Prophet Muhammad. According to Islamic scripture, all people who follow God's revealed guidance and the messengers sent with it 'submit' to that guidance, and are considered Muslims ie. Adam, Moses, Abraham, Jesus, etc. Belief in one God, remembrance of God, repentance, fear of God and hope in God's mercy. Clergy No official clergy. Gurus, Yogis, Rishis, Brahmins, Pundits, priests, priestesses, monks, and nuns. Imam leads congregational prayer in a mosque.
Humans are born pure and innocent. Upon reaching adolescence, you are responsible for what you do, and must choose right from wrong. Islam also teaches that faith and action go hand-in-hand.
Goal of religion To break the cycle of birth, death and reincarnation, and attain salvation. Fulfill gift and responsibility of this life through following the guidance of Holy Quran and Hadith, striving to serve mankind through compassion, justice, trustworthiness, and love for all of God's creation Literal Meaning The followers of Vedas are called as Arya, noble person.
Arya is not a dynasty, ethnicity or race. Anyone who follows the teachings of Vedas is considered Arya. Islam is derived from the Arabic root "Salema": peace, purity, submission and obedience. In the religious sense, Islam means submission to the will of God and obedience to His law. A Muslim is one who follows Islam. Followers Hindus. Muslims Marriage Man may marry one woman.
However, kings in mythology often married more than one woman. Islam is totally opposed to monasticism and celibacy. Marriage is an act of Sunnah in Islam and is strongly recommended. Men can only marry the "people of the book" i. Women can only marry a Muslim man. Others believe he was a holy man. Islamic scripture does not discuss or mention Gautam Buddha. Confessing sins Repentance for unintentional sins are prescribed, but intentional sins have to be repaid through karmic consequences.
Forgiveness must be sought from God, there is no intermediary with him. If any wrong is done against another person or thing, forgiveness must first be sought from them, then from God, as all of God's creation have rights that must not be infringed Scriptures Vedas, Upanishad, Puranas, Gita. Smrti and Sruti are oral scriptures. The Qur'an, and traditions of the Holy Last messenger Muhammad, called 'Sunnah' which is found in narrations or 'hadiths' by the men around him.
Islam consists of individuals who believe in Allah, a deity whose teachings its followers—Muslims—believe were recorded, verbatim, by the god's last prophet, Muhammad. Symbols Om, Swastika, etc. Muhammad's name in calligraphy is common. There is also the black standard that says "There is no god but God and Muhammad is the last messenger of God" in Arabic. The star and crescent is not Islam per se; it is inspired by the Ottoman empire.
Day of worship Orthodox schools prescribe three prayer times a day: at dawn, noon and dusk. Prayer five times daily is obligatory.
Friday is the day of congregational prayer, obligatory for men, but not for women. Geographical distribution and predominance Mainly in India, Nepal and Mauritius. There are 1. By the percentage of the total population in a region considering themselves Muslim, Population 1 Billion.
Religious debate, or 'Shura' is utilized for practical solutions to contemporary issues God's role in salvation Beliefs vary by sect. Upanishads scripture say God chooses who gets salvation.
Divali Diwali Festival of Lights. Hinduism is the world's third most popular religion, with around million followers. The religion of Hinduism originated in Northern India, near the river Indus, about years ago and is the world's oldest existing religion. Aum is the main symbol of Hinduism. It is the sound heard in deepest meditation and is said to be the name most suited for God. Hindu Artefacts. The word "Hindu" comes from the name of the river Indus, which flows miles from Tibet through Kashmir and Pakistan to the sea.
Religious ethics concerns teachings and practices of what is right or wrong, good or bad, virtuous or vicious, from a religious point of view. A definition favored by the Supreme Court is that religions are traditions that are anything like Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, or Buddhism. A more detailed definition to consider is: A religion is a tradition and practice based on a conception of what is real and significant God, Allah, the Tao, Brahman, etc. While the U. Here in the U. If you are thinking of engaging in international relations or working in a pluralistic religious culture medicine, law, business of any kind, politics, governance, architecture, the arts, and more , a working knowledge of world religions is essential. There is no evidence that the tendency to self-identify with a religious identity is declining among world populations.
The Quran is viewed to be the scriptural foundation of Islam and is believed by Muslims to have been sent down by God Allah and revealed to Muhammad by the angel Jabreel Gabriel. The Quran has been subject to criticism both in the sense of being studied by secular, mostly Western scholars who set aside doctrines of its divinity, perfection, unchangeability, etc. In "critical-historical study" scholars such as John Wansbrough , Joseph Schacht , Patricia Crone , Michael Cook seek to investigate and verify the Quran's origin, text, composition, history,  examining questions, puzzles, difficult text, etc.
Religious texts are texts related to a religious tradition. They differ from literary texts by being a compilation or discussion of beliefs, mythologies , ritual practices, commandments or laws , ethical conduct, spiritual aspirations, and for creating or fostering a religious community. Some religious texts are accepted or categorized as canonical , some non-canonical, and others extracanonical, semi-canonical, deutero-canonical, pre-canonical or post-canonical. A scripture is a subset of religious texts considered to be "especially authoritative",   revered and "holy writ",  "sacred, canonical", or of "supreme authority, special status" to a religious community.
Over the centuries of Islamic history , Muslim rulers, Islamic scholars , and ordinary Muslims have held many different attitudes towards other religions. Attitudes have varied according to time, place and circumstance. The Qur'an distinguishes between the monotheistic People of the Book ahl al-kitab , i. Jews , Christians , Sabians and others on the one hand and polytheists or idolaters on the other hand'.
Human being is the best creation of our Almighty and its being best over all other creatures is due to the intellect and free will which the creator has endowed them with. Since this free will may be used in either way good or bad in this world, man needed divine guidance to carry on their affairs in this world so that they get success. For divine guidance to deliver to mankind, our Creator chose messenger from amongst the people from time to time. Several prophets came since the man set foot on this earth as Allah says to every nation we have sent messenger, the last and final one came to be named Muhammad PBUH who was sent to the land of Arabia in particular and to the rest of mankind in general. Even in Hindu scriptures the name of Muhammad is mentioned as the final Messenger to come. His name will be Mohammad.
All Rights Reserved. Incarnation theory is one of the most important Christian and Hinduism theological teachings. According to this theory, God as the most Supreme Being incarnate in human appearance. In chapter 11 of Bhagavad Gita as a part of Mahabharata which is the greatest poem book of wisdom among Hindus , Arjuna asks Krishna as the 8 th avatar of Vishnu to show him his real and divinity face and Krishna who is serving him as a charioteer in a human form , reveals his real face to him. In this paper, incarnation means appearance of God in a human form. In other words, God manifest through human form.
He turns them round and round upon the wheel of Maya. Take refuge utterly in Him. By his grace you will find supreme peace, and the state which is beyond all change. This paper is about different spiritual and religious traditions in the world and how they have or could in the future contribute to the creation of a global culture of peace. As the above quotations indicate, almost all of the world's religions, in their own sacred writings and scriptures, say that they support "peace". Yet it is a known fact that war and violence have often been undertaken historically, as well as at present, in the name of religion as is discussed further below. Yet religions profess to want peace.
The Concept of God in Hinduism and Islam in the light of Sacred Scriptures Dr. Zakir Naik and Sri Sri Ravi Shankar Alhamdulillah, wa salaathu.
In our time, when day by day mankind is being drawn closer together, and the ties between different peoples are becoming stronger, the Church examines more closely her relationship to non-Christian religions. In her task of promoting unity and love among men, indeed among nations, she considers above all in this declaration what men have in common and what draws them to fellowship. One is the community of all peoples, one their origin, for God made the whole human race to live over the face of the earth.
Providing a comprehensive view of Islam and Muslims to cultivate peace, promote universal values, and dialogue among civilizations since The disciples of Jesus believed in and followed the same religion of Islam that is being presented in the Qur'an. Mecca or Makkah is a city in Saudi Arabia that is of major religious importance to Muslims. Hinduism has many scriptures; the Vedas, the Upanishads, and the Bhagavad-Gita are considered the most important.