File Name: summary of the sound and the fury .zip
The Compsons are an old, aristocratic Southern family from Jefferson, Mississippi. After the Civil War the Compsons declined in wealth, morality, and sanity: Jason III is a philosophical but ineffective alcoholic and Caroline is a self-obsessed hypochondriac, and their children have a host of problems. The second section is narrated by Quentin, and takes place at Harvard eighteen years before, on the day Quentin committed suicide. In the present action, Quentin breaks his watch, which still keeps ticking, and stands on a bridge thinking about death.
The Sound and the Fury is a dramatic presentation of the decline of the once-aristocratic Compson family of Yoknapatawpha County, in northern Mississippi. Divided into four sections, the history is narrated by three Compson brothers — Benjamin, Quentin, and Jason — followed by a section by an omniscient narrator. Section One is seen through the sensitivities of Benjamin Benjy , Compson, on April 7, , when Benjy is thirty-three years old. The youngest of the Compson children, Benjy was christened Maury in honor of his uncle, but by the time he reached the age of five, it became apparent that he was retarded. Out of the family's respect for his namesake, he was thereafter called Benjy. The eight scenes that comprise the Benjy section jump about in time, from one of his earliest memories when, in fact, he was still called Maury and extend to the present Because of his impaired mental facilities, Benjy is literal, simplistic, and sensual.
April Seventh, Benjy accompanies Luster as he searches for a quarter to go to the circus that night. At the same time he relives memories of his youth, most of which have to do with Caddy. He remembers, for example, the night his grandmother Damuddy died, when Caddy climbed a tree to look in the parlor windows, showing her siblings her muddy drawers. He also remembers her precocious sexuality, which led to her pregnancy and marriage, taking her out of his life. He can smell the change in Caddy; when she is young and pure she smells like trees to him, and when she begins to have sex she no longer smells like trees. He has a specific order to the day's events, and when Luster interrupts this order, he howls. June Second, this section follows the events of the last day of Quentin's life, as he makes meticulous preparations for his suicide.
Attempting to apply traditional plot summary to The Sound and the Fury is difficult. A story told in four chapters, by four different voices, and out of chronological order, The Sound and the Fury requires intense concentration and patience to interpret and understand. The first three chapters of the novel consist of the convoluted thoughts, voices, and memories of the three Compson brothers, captured on three different days. The brothers are Benjy, a severely retarded thirty-three-year-old man, speaking in April, ; Quentin, a young Harvard student, speaking in June, ; and Jason, a bitter farm-supply store worker, speaking again in April,
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It employs several narrative styles, including stream of consciousness. Published in , The Sound and the Fury was Faulkner's fourth novel, and was not immediately successful. In , however, when Faulkner's sixth novel, Sanctuary , was published—a sensationalist story, which Faulkner later said was written only for money— The Sound and the Fury also became commercially successful, and Faulkner began to receive critical attention. In , the Modern Library ranked The Sound and the Fury sixth on its list of the best English-language novels of the 20th century. The Sound and the Fury is set in Jefferson, Mississippi , in the first third of the 20th century. The novel centers on the Compson family , former Southern aristocrats who are struggling to deal with the dissolution of their family and its reputation. Over the course of the 30 years or so related in the novel, the family falls into financial ruin, loses its religious faith and the respect of the town of Jefferson, and many of them die tragically.
The Sound and the Fury , novel by William Faulkner , published in , that details the destruction and downfall of the aristocratic Compson family from four different points of view.