File Name: excerpt from the story and its themes .zip
Written in the form of a first-person narrative, Poe employed multiple themes of insanity, superstition, and alcoholism to impart a palpable sense of horror and foreboding to this tale, while at the same time, deftly advancing his plot and building his characters. He had a pleasant home, was married to a pleasant wife, and had an abiding love for animals.
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Download this Handout PDF. But how do you do this well? What kind of quotations do you use? On this page we clarify the purpose of using literary quotations in literary analysis papers by exploring why quotations are important to use in your writing and then explaining how to do this.
We provide general guidelines and specific suggestions about blending your prose and quoted material as well as information about formatting logistics and various rules for handling outside text. Although this material is focused on integrating your ideas with quotations from novels, poems, and plays into literary analysis papers, in some genres this advice is equally applicable to incorporating quotations from scholarly essays, reports, or even original research into your work. For further information, check out our Quoting and Paraphrasing resource, or you may wish to see when the Writing Center is offering its next introductory workshop about the genre of literary analysis.
Additionally, our Short Guide to Close Reading for Literary Analysis offers wonderful insight into how you can read a piece of literature in order to analyze it.
Quoting for any other purpose is counterproductive. We learn about Mrs. For example, Mrs. Ramsey has mixed feelings toward Mr. Tansley, but her feelings seem to grow more positive over time as she comes to know him better. At first Mrs. Ramsey finds Mr. Tansley annoying, as shown especially when he mentions that no one is going to the lighthouse 7.
Then later, during the gathering, pity turns to empathy as she realizes that Mr. Tansley must feel inferior. He must know, Mrs. Finally, by the end of the dinner scene, she feels some attraction to Mr. She liked his awkwardness. In observing this evolution in her attitude, we learn more about Mrs. Ramsey than we do about Mr. The change in Mrs.
Ramsey is fickle or confused; rather it is used to show her capacity for understanding both the frailty and complexity of human beings. This is a central characteristic of Mrs. Quoting is only one of several ways to present textual material as evidence.
You can also refer to textual data, summarize, and paraphrase. You will often want merely to refer or point to passages as in the third sentence in the above example paragraph that contribute to your argument.
In other cases, you will want to paraphrase, i. Summarize or paraphrase when it is not so much the language of the text that justifies your position, but the substance or content.
Similarly, after you have decided that you want to quote material, quote only the portions of the text specifically relevant to your point.
Think of the text in terms of units—words, phrases, sentences, and groups of sentences paragraphs, stanzas —and use only the units you need. It is permissible to quote an entire sentence between two sentences of your own , but in general you should avoid this method of bringing textual material into your discussion. Instead, use one of the following patterns:. Introduce a quotation either by indicating what it is intended to show, by naming its source, or by doing both.
Do not use two quotations in a row without intervening text of your own. You should always be contextualizing all of your outside material with your own ideas, and if you let quotes build up without a break, readers will lose track of your argument.
Using the correct verb tense is a tricky issue. But events in a narrative or drama take place in a time sequence. You will often need to use a past tense to refer to events that took place before the moment you are presently discussing. Consider this example:. If for the sake of brevity you wish to omit material from a quoted passage, use ellipsis points three spaced periods to indicate the omission.
Notice how in the paragraph about To the Lighthouse , above, the writer quoted only those portions of the original sentences that related to the point of the analysis. When quoting, you may alter grammatical forms such as the tense of a verb or the person of a pronoun so that the quotation conforms grammatically to your own prose; indicate these alterations by placing square brackets around the changed form.
Reproduce the spelling, capitalization, and internal punctuation of the original exactly. Of the following sentences presenting D. You may alter the closing punctuation of a quotation in order to incorporate it into a sentence of your own. For example:. Commas and periods go inside the closing quotation marks; the other punctuation marks go outside. Prose or verse quotations less than four lines long are not indented.
For quotations of this length, use the patterns described above. This unit of text should be positioned one half inch from the left margin, and opening and closing quotation marks are not used.
The MLA Handbook , 8 th edition recommends that indented quotations be double-spaced, but many instructors prefer them single-spaced. The documentation style used in this handout is that presented in the MLA Handbook , 8 th edition , the most common citation style for literary analysis papers. The Writing Center has information about the rules of documentation within the most common systems.
Achebe, Chinau. Things Fall Apart. Anchor Books, Blake, William. Accessed 1 July Fitzgerald, F. The Great Gatsby. The Scribner Library, Lahiri, Jhumpa. Lawrence, David Herbert. Milton, John. Paradise Lost. Printed for John Bumpus, Morrison, Toni. The Bluest Eye. Plume, Shakespeare, William.
Julius Caesar. The Complete Works of William Shakespeare. Wordsworth Editions, pp. King Lear. Othello, the Moor of Venice. Woolf, Virginia. To the Lighthouse. Harcourt, This is an accordion element with a series of buttons that open and close related content panels. Incorporating Interview Data. Additional Resources for Grants and Proposal Writing. Writing Personal Statements for Ph. Planning and Writing Research Papers. Writing Annotated Bibliographies. Creating Poster Presentations.
Writing an Abstract for Your Research Paper. Writing a Review of Literature. U niversity of W isconsin —Madison. Hours Spring Services Chat with Us. Use the guidelines below to learn how to use literary quotations. Why should I use literary quotations? How do I use literary quotations? Textual evidence options Quoting is only one of several ways to present textual material as evidence.
Quoting selectively Similarly, after you have decided that you want to quote material, quote only the portions of the text specifically relevant to your point. Blending your prose and quoted material It is permissible to quote an entire sentence between two sentences of your own , but in general you should avoid this method of bringing textual material into your discussion. Maintaining clarity and readability Introduce a quotation either by indicating what it is intended to show, by naming its source, or by doing both.
A theme is a universal idea, lesson, or message explored throughout a work of literature. One key characteristic of literary themes is their universality, which is to say that themes are ideas that not only apply to the specific characters and events of a book or play, but also express broader truths about human experience that readers can apply to their own lives. For instance, John Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath about a family of tenant farmers who are displaced from their land in Oklahoma is a book whose themes might be said to include the inhumanity of capitalism, as well as the vitality and necessity of family and friendship. Every work of literature—whether it's an essay, a novel, a poem, or something else—has at least one theme. Therefore, when analyzing a given work, it's always possible to discuss what the work is "about" on two separate levels: the more concrete level of the plot i. Understanding the themes of a work is vital to understanding the work's significance—which is why, for example, every LitCharts Literature Guide uses a specific set of themes to help analyze the text.
Rate this book. Yes, there will also be singing. About the dark times? Indian Head There was an Indian head, the head of an Indian, the drawing of the head of a headdressed, long haired, Indian depicted, drawn by an unknown artist in , broadcast until the late s to American TVs everywhere after all the shows ran out. It's called the Indian Head Test Pattern.
Party Themes include: SPARKLE PDF Excerpt: Warren the 13th Friday the 13th Short Story + Activity Booklet. This activity This sneak peek introduces you to the lovable, travelling Momo and his owner Andrew Knapp.
The last brought him his greatest success. He was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature in 16 separate years. This served as a model for Howards End in his novel of that name. It is listed Grade I for historic interest and literary associations. Among Forster's ancestors were members of the Clapham Sect , a social reform group within the Church of England.
Published on September 6, by Jack Caulfield.