socialization and gender roles within the family pdf Friday, June 11, 2021 5:59:36 PM

Socialization And Gender Roles Within The Family Pdf

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Gender-role socialization and discipline processes in one- and two-parent families

Gender socialization is a very important dimension of socialization, it is the process during which children of different sexes are socialized into their gender roles and are taught what it means to be male or female. Amongst the most important components of gender socialization are play and toys which serve as the key tools that provide the infant with the appropriate gender traits. Besides their psychological and pedagogical aspects, the sociological functions of play and toys can be analyzed in the cultural context in order to emphasize their importance in child development. Culture plays an important role in the assignment of gender —appropriate traits to the infants and play and toys function as the key elements in the process. Alexander, G.

Gender: early socialization

Previous sections identified several agents of socialization, including the family, peers, schools, the mass media, and religion. Socialization into gender roles begins in infancy, as almost from the moment of birth parents begin to socialize their children as boys or girls without even knowing it Begley, ; Eliot, Many studies document this process Lindsey, From infancy on, parents play with and otherwise interact with their daughters and sons differently. They play more roughly with their sons—for example, by throwing them up in the air or by gently wrestling with them—and more quietly with their daughters. When their infant or toddler daughters cry, they warmly comfort them, but they tend to let their sons cry longer and to comfort them less.

Parental discipline and gender-role socialization are two interrelated normative processes that may be affected by family structure, parent gender, and child gender. In the two-parent families, mothers were focused on in 33 of the families and fathers were focused on in 34 of the families. Overall, gender-role socialization processes were affected by family structure and parent gender: Single-parent families and mothers had less traditional gender-role socialization than two-parent families and fathers. Family discipline processes were also affected by family structure, as single-parent families reported more positive behavior from their children and reported using more problem-solving strategies. Regardless of family structure, parents used different discipline strategies depending on the gender of parent and child. No evidence was found to suggest that gender-role socialization mediated the discipline process.

4.3: Socialization and Gender

Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. The way we are, behave and think is the final product of socialization. Since the moment we are born, we are being moulded into the being society wants us to be.

Gender roles in childhood

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Analyze how the process of gender socialization has an impact on the lifespan development of a person, specifically related to stereotypes between men and women. Sociologists and other social scientists generally attribute many of the behavioral differences between men and women to socialization. Socialization is the process of transferring norms, values, beliefs, and behaviors to future group members. In regards to gender socialization, the most common groups people join are the gender categories male and female. Even the categorical options of gender an individual may choose is socialized; social norms act against selecting a gender that is neither male or female. Thus, gender socialization is the process of educating and instructing potential men and women how to behave as members of that particular group.


Gender socialization is the process through which children learn about the social expectations, attitudes and behaviours typically associated with boys and girls. This topic looks at this socialization process and the factors that influence gender development in children. When parents have a new baby, the first question they typically ask is whether they have a girl or a boy.