File Name: promises and challenges of using learning technologies to promote student learning of science .zip
Box , Morogoro, Tanzania. We first provide some of the challenges of integrating ICTs in education followed by a description of key past and current ICT initiatives supporting the adoption of ICTs in schools using a number of case studies in sub-Saharan Africa. Moreover, we provide various ICT platforms deployed for education service delivery in disadvantaged African society e. Finally, we highlight our main findings and observations in terms of opportunities and future ICT for education research directions in Africa.
Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Science teaching is a complex activity that lies at the heart of the vision of science education presented in the Standards. The teaching standards provide criteria for making judgments about progress toward the vision; they describe what teachers of science at all grade levels should understand and be able to do. To highlight the importance of teachers in science education, these standards are presented first.
We propose a definition of synchronous communication based on joint attention, noting that in certain mediated communication settings joint attention is a matter of perception rather than determinable fact. The most salient properties of synchronous computer-mediated communication SCMC are real-time pressure to communicate and a greater degree of social presence relative to asynchronous communication. Finally, we identify questions for future research. Computer-mediated communication CMC is by now a staple of research in language acquisition and pedagogy, just as it has become central to the social and professional lives of many millions of people worldwide. In parallel with this ascent, certain distinctions that once seemed clearcut have begun to blur, as communication platforms increasingly offer a mixture of modes, permitting users to choose between combinations of text, audio and video in synchronous or asynchronous modes, to communicate privately or publicly, and to interleave conventional text with images, animations, and emoticons. This Special Issue arises out of the belief that even in such a luxuriant communicative ecosystem, the distinction between synchronous communication SC and asynchronous communication remains analytically and practically important, i. We will argue that SC, whether face-to-face or mediated, has always occupied a special niche in the communicative landscape; that this role has specific cognitive, cultural, linguistic and interactional consequences; and that mediated SC therefore offers special opportunities, but also special challenges, to practice and research in language teaching and learning.
The 11 th Education for All Global Monitoring Report UNESCO, makes it clear that good teachers are essential for enhancing the quality of learning, and teacher education is important because of its impact upon teacher quality. Teacher education is generally perceived as any formal program that has been established for the preparation of schoolteachers. UNESCO Institute of Statistics defines teacher education as: Formal teacher training pre-service or in-service designed to equip teachers with the knowledge, attitude, behavior and skills required for teaching at the relevant level. Teacher education can be divided into two stages, preservice and in-service. In-service training is the education and training that the teacher receives after the beginning of their career Taylor, Talking about the process and aim of teacher education, Kasemsap observed:.
Download the Essay PDF 1. Access to higher education has never been more important. Globalization, automation, and the Internet have fundamentally reshaped the economy by shifting opportunity away from workers with high school diplomas and toward those with postsecondary training and credentials Foote and Ryan
We propose a definition of synchronous communication based on joint attention, noting that in certain mediated communication settings joint attention is a matter of perception rather than determinable fact. The most salient properties of synchronous computer-mediated communication SCMC are real-time pressure to communicate and a greater degree of social presence relative to asynchronous communication. Finally, we identify questions for future research.
The idea that online learning might revolutionize higher education, lowering the cost of high-quality learning opportunities for students with limited access to traditional higher education, follows similar hopes for earlier technologies, including radio and television. If such a revolution is to come, it is still far from a reality. Strong evidence indicates that students with weak academic backgrounds and other risk factors struggle most in fully online courses, creating larger socioeconomic gaps in outcomes than those in traditional classroom environments. The central problem appears to be the lack of adequate personal interaction between students and instructors, as well as among students. Hybrid learning models do not exhibit the same problems and there is potential for online learning to develop strategies for overcoming these difficulties. Meanwhile, narrowing gaps in educational opportunities and outcomes requires considerable skilled human interaction. Bowen and Matthew M.
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