File Name: memory microprocessor and asic .zip
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July 17, Rohit Singh Useful Tips. Source: Wikipedia. It means it can work as a microprocessor, or as an encryption unit, or graphics card, or even all these three at once. As implied by the name itself, the FPGA is field programmable. They can implement complex logic functions. A recent trend is providing a hard-silicon processor core such as ARM Cortex A9 in case of Xilinx Zynq inside the same FPGA die itself so that the processor can take care of mundane, non-critical tasks whereas FPGA can take care of high-speed acceleration which cannot be done using processors. These dedicated hardware blocks are critical in competing with ASICs.
Integrated circuit IC , also called microelectronic circuit , microchip , or chip , an assembly of electronic components, fabricated as a single unit, in which miniaturized active devices e. The individual circuit components are generally microscopic in size. Integrated circuits have their origin in the invention of the transistor in by William B. Brattain found that, under the right circumstances, electrons would form a barrier at the surface of certain crystals , and they learned to control the flow of electricity through the crystal by manipulating this barrier. Controlling electron flow through a crystal allowed the team to create a device that could perform certain electrical operations, such as signal amplification, that were previously done by vacuum tubes. They named this device a transistor, from a combination of the words transfer and resistor.
Circuit diagrams were previously used to specify the configuration, but this is increasingly rare due to the advent of electronic design automation tools. FPGAs contain an array of programmable logic blocks , and a hierarchy of "reconfigurable interconnects" allowing blocks to be "wired together", like many logic gates that can be inter-wired in different configurations. Logic blocks can be configured to perform complex combinational functions , or merely simple logic gates like AND and XOR. In most FPGAs, logic blocks also include memory elements , which may be simple flip-flops or more complete blocks of memory. FPGAs have a remarkable role in embedded system development due to their capability  to start system software SW development simultaneously with hardware HW , enable system performance simulations at a very early phase of the development, and allow various system partitioning SW and HW trials and iterations before final freezing of the system architecture.
A Field Programmable Gate Array or FPGA is an integrated circuit that could contain millions of logic gates that can be electrically configured to perform a certain task. Microcontroller vs FPGA : The structure of a microcontroller is comparable to a simple computer placed in a single chip with all of the necessary components like memory and timers embedded inside. It is programmed to do some simple tasks for other hardware. The very basic nature of FPGAs allows it to be more flexible than most microcontrollers. The term field programmable already tells you that the whole FPGA device can be reprogrammed to do any logic task that can be fitted into the number of gates that it has.
Skip to Main Content. A not-for-profit organization, IEEE is the world's largest technical professional organization dedicated to advancing technology for the benefit of humanity. Use of this web site signifies your agreement to the terms and conditions. Cost and energy per operation have both decreased by more than a factor of These advances have been fueled by process technology scaling, but the FPGA story is much more complex than simple technology scaling.
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For example, a chip designed to run in a digital voice recorder or a high-efficiency bitcoin miner is an ASIC.